morphology

Intermediate Morphology (Li8)

Morphology is concerned with syntagmatic and paradigmatic dimensions of word structure, addressing such questions as:

  • What are the ‘units of form’ in language and how are they distributed?
  • How does morphology differ from and interact with phonology and syntax?
  • In what ways do morphological patterns and systems vary across languages?
  • What does morphological variation imply about the status of morphology?
  • What are the cognitive structures that support morphological processing?

This course offers a concise overview of morphological variation in the worlds’ languages and an introduction to some of the dominant descriptive and theoretical models that have been developed to analyze this variation. Particular emphasis is placed on identifying the substantive ideas about word structure that underlie morphological models and on isolating and evaluating any associated typological biases, theoretical commitments as well as cognitive assumptions and implications.

General readings and materials

Course syllabus [pdf] & bibliography [pdf]
Textbooks
Matthews (1991) [‘M’]; Haspelmath & Sims (2010) [‘HS’] [pdf]
Handbooks & anthologies
Joos (1957); Hamp et al. (1966); Spencer & Zwicky (1998); Spencer & Malchukov (2008);
Lieber & Štekauer (2014); Baerman (2015); Stump & Hippisley (2015)
Monographs
Matthews (1972); Anderson (1992); Carstairs-McCarthy (1992); Lieber (1992); Aronoff (1994); Stump (2001); Blevins (2016)

Term 1 lectures

Part I: The place of morphology

W1: Form variation between phone and utterance [pdf]
M§1; HS§1
W2: Word structure and Sound Patterns [pdf]
M§2; HS§2

Part II: Morphological phenomena

W3: Morphological patterns [pdf]
M§6; HS§3.1
Bickel & Nichols (2007) [pdf]; Aikhenvald (2007) [pdf]
W4: Morphological arrangements: Types of exponence [pdf]
M§7; HS§5
Bauer (2014); Davis & Tsujimura (2014)

Part III: Dimensions of variation

W5: Morphological arrangements: Categories and templates [pdf]
M§3; HS§§8.1–8.5
Blevins (2015) [pdf]; Stump (2015)
W6: Inflectional paradigms and classes [pdf]
M§4; HS§7
de Jong et al. (2000) [pdf]; Haspelmath (1996)
W7: Derivational formations and families [pdf]
M§9; HS§§8.6–8.8
Baerman (2008); Maiden (2005) [pdf]
W8: Word formation, lexical classes and analogy [pdf]
M§11; HS§9
Plag & Baayen (2009) [pdf]); Börjars et al. (1997); Ackerman et al. (2011) [pdf]

Term 1 problem sets

Task 1: Phonological weight and morphological grade [pdf]
Ehala (2003) [pdf]; Hay & Baayen (2006) [pdf]
Task 2: Inventories and segmentation [pdf]
Blevins (2008) [pdf]; Kibrik (1998); Spencer (2012) [pdf]
Task 3: Agreement interactions [pdf]

Term 2 lectures

Part IV: Morphological models and theories

W9: Models of morphemic analysis [pdf]
M§6; HS§4
Bloomfield (1926); Harris (1942) [pdf]; Hockett (1947) [pdf]
W10: From item to process [pdf]
M§8; HS§10
Hockett (1954, 1961 [pdf]); Halle & Marantz (1993) [pdf]
W11: From process to exponence [pdf]
M§7; HS§3.2.2
Hockett (1954); Matthews (1965) [pdf]; Stump (2001: §1)
W12: Syncretism and autonomy [pdf]
Stump (1993); Bonami & Stump (2015) [pdf]; Corbett & Fraser (1993) [pdf]
W13: Words and paradigms [pdf]
M§10
Robins (1959) [pdf]; Wurzel (1989); Blevins (2006) [pdf]
W14: Morphology as a complex system I [pdf]
Milin et al. (2009) [pdf]; Blevins (2013) [pdf]; Ackerman & Malouf (2013) [pdf]

Part V: External perspectives

W15: Morphology as a complex system II [pdf] / Models of morphological processing I [pdf]
Ramscar et al. (2013) [pdf]; Clahsen (1999) [pdf]
W16: Implicit morphology [pdf]
Baayen et al. (1997) [pdf]; Baayen et al. (2011) [pdf]

Term 2 problem sets

Task 4: Morphological harmony [pdf]
Task 5: Morphological comparison [pdf]
Task 6: The Paradigm Cell Filling Problem [pdf]
Task 7: Typological variation [pdf]